Thoughts on Policing a Free Society: Our Failure to Concern Ourselves...

..."Our failure to concern ourselves sufficiently with the ambiguity in the police function and with the other conflicting pressures brought to bear upon the police has substantially reduced the potential effectiveness of the most common proposals for improving police operations. Beyond this, the continuing need for compromise that these pressures have create makes police officers unusually vulnerable to criticism, pressing them to take shelter in the police subculture. And as they do so, we unwittingly contribute toward strengthening a force that, by its nature is resistant to change and is in a unique position to subvert those changes that are initiated." -Herman Goldstein, Policing a Free Society, 1977